Using a geolinguistics-based survey,
he interviews a total of 112 informants scattered across 35 towns at the southern limit of
the Catalan-speaking territory. In just a few towns, he uses a shorter survey to study
From the point
of view of generative dialectology, he studies vowel assimilation and the opening of the
diphthongs [ow] and [w]
in the southern Valencian speech of Alacant and the diphthongization of  in
Canyada de Bihar, taking into account certain social factors that condition the
application of the rules.
sociolinguistics are used as a framework to determine the indexes of loss of intervocalic
/d/ in Valencian through the study of a number of texts from La Donsayna
(1844-1845) and Valencian lexicographical works from the eighteenth and nineteenth
centuries. Lescala dimplicació (scale of implication) enables him to
observe the process of lexical and geographical diffusion of the elision of intervocalic
of the elision of final /r/ and the different pronunciations of the fricative and
affricate, alveolar and prepalatal phonemes, and the group tl is basically
explicit sociolinguistic approach is to be found in the chapter under review. (5) In this population of 1,100
inhabitants of the Alacant district of Alt Vinalopó, a total of 16 informants of both
sexes from a broad age-range were surveyed. The variable phenomena studied are presented
according to these rules:
(1) // -
(2) /ó/ - <> /
(3) /é/ - <> / #(seg)___[-syllabic]1#
(4) /ó/ - <ó> / #(seg)___([-syll]1 V C0 (CV)#
2.2. MIER, J. (1986). "Estudi
sociolingüístic de certs aspectes de la llengua catalana", Treballs de
Sociolingüística Catalana 6, pp. 33-112. (6)
This time, the
study has an exclusively Labovian focus. (7) The chosen speech community was the
Gràcia neighbourhood of Barcelona. The characterization of the 43 informants is such that
a real universe is not obtained from the compact sample: the only requirement is that
informants are L1 Catalan and the investigator overlooks factors of utmost importance such
as the origin of the informant and his or her parents, if they were born elsewhere.
studied by Mier are morphological (dos/dues) and syntactic (haver de/tenir de
and the prepositions en/a in expressions describing place). Lastly, he studies the
three phonological variables revealing these rules:
(1) // - <>
(2) // - <>
(3) /d/ - <> / V___V
2.3. MONTOYA, B. (1989).
"Estratificació de la variació lingüística a Petrer", in GIMENO, F. and B.
MONTOYA Sociolingüística. Valencia: Publicacions de la Universitat de València, pp.
Brauli Montoya, another member of the escola alacantina, under the guidance of
Francesc Gimeno, one of the individuals responsible for the introduction of strict
sociolinguistics into Spain, reads his doctoral thesis entitled De sociolingüística
històrica: canvi lingüístic en curs i desplaçament de llengües a lextrem
meridional de la llengua catalana. (8) One section of the study describes
and explains a linguistic change consisting of the devoicing of the voiced affricative
(1) // - <>
rigorously and orthodoxically uses Labovian methodology. It might even be said that, by
conforming so closely to this method, he sometimes distorts certain features of Valencian
society in relation to the United States. The results for the stylistic factor and
"socioeconomic group" social factor are evidence of this.
community was Petrer and the real universe of the sample consisted of Catalan-speaking
inhabitants of this town (86 informants-1.25%).
studys approach is very comprehensive. Innovations on Colomina (1985) and Mier
(1986) include acoustic analysis of variants, probabilistic data processing (until now,
this had been frequential) and the experiment of subjective evaluation of informants with
regard to the variable under study.
2.4. ALTURO, N. i M. T. TURELL
(1990). "Linguistic Change in el Pont de Suert: The study of variation of //", Language
Variation Change 2, pp. 19-30.
Moving on in
the chronological order of this inventory, we will now look at the research of Núria
Alturo and Maria Teresa Turell (1990). This latter is another important figure in the
introduction of Labovian sociolinguistics, this time in Catalonia.
surprising that a relatively short article can offer such an interesting analysis of a
linguistic phenomenon of change. In order to understand it, we will need to refer back to
the degree thesis of Núria Alturo, Canvi sociolingüístic al Pont de Suert
(1987). In this study, the author echoes Labovian hypotheses, although she does not apply
them in an orthodox manner. The study is the basis of the subsequent research by Alturo
and Turell (1990). Due to the use of these recordings or the design of the group of social
factors in the sociological analysis of the speech community, the same methodological
instrument needs to be used to collate materials life history. This interview,
at least initially, does not contemplate stylistic diversification, which is a fundamental
factor in the analysis of the variable under study.