The sample and data collection
was the population of Catalonia aged 15 and over, the sample was of 3,005 people and the
data was collected from February to May 2002. The sample was constructed by means of a
random multistage process and its distribution was proportional. At the first stage the
sample was stratifed by province and settlement size. At a second stage, the municipal
areas were chosen, such that all settlements of more than 50,000 inhabitants were included
while all those with fewer inhabitants were selected randomly at each stratum.
Subsequently the sample was stratified according to gender and age group to select the
people who were to be interviewed, and this selection was done at random, using lists from
the census register. The interviews were face-to-face.
In terms of
linguistic questions, there are questions on Catalan, Spanish and English, on linguistic
affiliation and on the language of the home, with children and at work. There are also
questions on the language of the media usually watched or read and when using the
Internet. Furthermore, a monolingualism/bilingualism variable was introduced into the
study, comprising of 5 categories ranging from monolingual in Catalan to monolingual in
exploitation of the data
moment, what has been done is to write an extensive research report, commenting on
information from the survey and the main results of the explanatory analysis of the Web
Society. Now a second report is in preparation, which will deal in depth with certain
limited but highly significant aspects of Catalan society.
Some of the
most notable sociolinguistic findings
One of the
most central conclusions of the study is that the use of the Internet is an important
element in the changing nature of Catalan identity, since there is a quite close
relationship between use of the Net, language perceptions and the practice and
implementation of Catalan identity. Thus, for example, it emerges that the sector of
society that most uses the Internet are young people with Catalan language and identity.
gaining access to the data
It was decided
that the information from the complete report should be made public and published on the
Internet via the UOC (Open University of Catalonia. The on-line version of the first
report is available at http://www.uoc.edu/in3/pic/1/
Two surveys by the Institut dEstudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona
The 1995 survey
of the metropolitan area of Barcelona
Director, Marina Subirats
Metropolitans de Barcelona
The 2000 survey
of the Barcelona region
Director, Salvador Giner
Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona
The administrative offices
in charge of managing the development of the different neighbourhoods of Barcelona, need
to have statistics that will provide information on the trends now underway and need to
publicise their decisions. For that reason in 1985, lInstitut dEstudis
Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona (formerly the Institut dEstudis Metropolitans
de Barcelona) carried out extensive surveys on different social aspects, including
languge. These surveys have increasingly and progressively taken in more territory, until
in the year 2000 the whole province of Barcelona was included.
a) Sample and
The methodology applied
here is basically the same as in other surveys in the series. The universe was the
population age 18 years and over. Selection of the sample, based on the electoral census,
was effected by means of a stratified random process with non-proportional distribution.
The stratification of homogenous groups was based on a series of socio-economic variables
derived from the electoral census. The questionnaire was filled out in the course of a
personal interview in the subjects' homes.
The main difference between
the 1995 and year 2000 surveys was the geographical area covered. The first was restricted
to the metropolitan area of Barcelona, which includes 7 counties (Alt Penedès, Baix
Llobregat, Barcelonès, Garraf, Maresme, Vallès Occidental and Vallès Oriental), while
the second included the whole of the province of Barcelona, that is, including 4 counties
more (Anoia, Bages, Berguedà and Osona). In the first case, the sample consisted of 5,263
individuals and in the second there were 6,830 individuals.
The questions on language
were the same in the two editions. Language use was asked about in the following contexts:
in the home, with the father, with the mother, with the children. Also asked about was
knowledge of Catalan and language affiliation. Furthermore, tables were presented to
obtain details of language and language use of the different types of couples (couples who
were the main householders) based on the language of each member of the pair, as well as
on the different types of home in terms of the language combinations of the members, and
on the language transmission from parents to children in case of different language
characteristics of the home.
Planned exploitation of
The two editions of the
survey formed the basis for several different published volumes, some of which derive
directly from the research of the project itself while others have been commissioned by
outside bodies with an interest in specific aspects. In the case of each edition, the
results of the language questions (without comment) have been published in three volumes
called the Sèrie Dades Bàsiques (Basic Data Series), with the data for major
subdivisions of the area covered by one (the capital, metropolitan area...), while another
covers the counties and a third deals with the districts of the city of Barcelona.
Sociolinguistic information can be found in each of the two surveys in question. In one
this is in the general report and in the other in the volume on the lives of young people.
Some of the most notable
Possibly the most striking
finding of the two surveys is that in the Barcelona metropolitan area, carried out in 1995
and 2000, the figures show a decrease in the percentage of the population that consider
Catalan to be their language, compensated by an increase in those who state they are
bilingual. This finding has been taken as sounding the alarm for the Catalan language.
Gaining access to the
sociolinguistic data or analysis relating to the 1995 survey:
NEL·LO, O; RECIO, A.;
SOLSONA, M.; SUBIRATS, M. (1998). La transformació de la societat metropolitana. Contains
a Macintosh-PC compatible CD-Rom. Diputació de Barcelona. Institut dEstudis
Metropolitans de Barcelona.
This presents the general
report arising from the 1995 survey.
METROPOLITANS DE BARCELONA (1996). Dades estadístiques bàsiques de la ciutat,
làrea i la regió metropolitana de Barcelona, 1995. Volume 1. Diputació de
METROPOLITANS DE BARCELONA (1996). Dades estadístiques bàsiques de les comarques
metropolitanes, 1995. Volume 2. Diputació de Barcelona.
METROPOLITANS DE BARCELONA (1996). Dades estadístiques bàsiques dels districtes de
Barcelona, 1995. Volume 3. Diputació de Barcelona.
BARANDA, L.; SALVADÓ. A.
(1997). Les condicions de vida dels joves metropolitans. Diputació de Barcelona.
Institut dEstudis Metropolitans de Barcelona.
sociolinguistic data or analysis relating to the 2000 survey:
GINER, S.; CEBOLLADA, À.;
DOMÍNGUEZ, M.; MASATS, M.; MIRALLES, C.; MONTAGUT, T.; NEL·LO, O.; RECIO A.; SÁNCHEZ,
C.; SOLSONA, M.; SUBIRATS, M. (2002). Enquesta de la Regió de Barcelona 2000. Informe
General. Diputació de Barcelona. Institut dEstudis Regionals i Metropolitans de
GINER, S.; BARANDA, L.
(2002). Dades estadístiques bàsiques 2000. Ciutat, Regió Metropolitana i província
de Barcelona. Volume 1. Diputació de Barcelona. Institut dEstudis Regionals i
Metropolitans de Barcelona.
GINER, S.; BARANDA, L.
(2002). Dades estadístiques bàsiques 2000. Comarques de la província de Barcelona.
Volume 2. Diputació de Barcelona. Institut dEstudis Regionals i Metropolitans
GINER, S.; BARANDA, L.
(2002). Dades estadístiques bàsiques 2000. Districtes de Barcelona. Volume 3. Diputació
de Barcelona. Institut dEstudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona.
RIBA, A. R.; SINTES, E.
(2002). Condicions de vida dels joves de la província de Barcelona. Diputació de
Barcelona. Institut dEstudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona.
The General Report for 2000
and the three reports with Dades Bàsiques (Basic Data) for 2000 may be consulted online
at the IERMB website (http://campus.uab.es/iermb/Estudis/indexe.htm).
Furthermore, any of the
above-mentioned reports can be purchased from the IERMB itself, or from the Diputació
book shop (Llibreria Diputació. Carrer Londres, 55, Barcelona).
"Sobre el comportament lingüístic de lalumnat a 52 escoles de tot Catalunya"
(On the linguistic behaviour of students at 52 schools in all Catalonia)
Santi Vial (SEDEC) and F.
Xavier Vila (CUSC).
behaviour of the school population at the end of primary education in Catalonia in the
a) The sample
A sample of 52 schools
throughout Catalonia was selected, with three selection criteria: knowledge of Catalan in
the area, language usage of the school and the composition of the schools according to
percentage of one language or the other spoken by the families. The authors consider that
the survey gives insight into the major trends, but is not strictly representative of the
universe studied. The collection of the information was carried out during school years
96-97 and 97-98.