||4. Language Attitudes and Loyalties in
the Community of Valencia
outline of our abstract measuring instruments, we will now turn to locate them in a
working context, albeit through a very general look at the linguistic situation of the
Community of Valencia. The following diagrams offer a static view of situations of
language shift and standardisation which, for reasons of space, do not analyse the social
structure behind each indicator and group. The diagrams refer to data for the whole of the
Community of Valencia and for urban areas.
1. Loyalties in the Valencian Country
The diagram on loyalties reveals a
reduction in all loyalties in urban areas in comparison with the territory as a whole; the
most significant reduction is that of Primary and Secondary oral instrumental loyalties.
However, the main problems of loyalty towards Valencian lie in the Secondary Instrumental
dimension, in both urban areas and the Community as a whole. Oral instrumental use in
secondary relationships is always lower than the use of Valencian in primary
relationships. Thus, a diglossic linguistic situation arises since, otherwise, Primary and
Secondary Instrumental Loyalty would coincide, and this is not the case here.
difference between urban areas and the Community as a whole can be appreciated in primary
oral use (Primary Instrumental loyalty) which exceeds written (Written Instrumental
loyalty) and even Competential loyalty to a slight degree, whereas this does not occur in
urban areas. In urban areas, oral use (the most habitual in social communication), is
lower than the written presence of the language and the competential level. This suggests
that schemes to promote the language in these cities have only been successful in the
competential area of signage and certain forms of written communication.
difference is the contrast between the average scores of Valuational loyalty and the rest
of the loyalties. This leads us to believe that, generally-speaking, the average attitude
of the population of the Community of Valencia is similar to Ninyoles compensatory
idealisation (Castelló, 2000). However, we also believe that, if it were not for this
high Valuational loyalty, Instrumental loyalties would be even lower.
2. Language attitudes in the Valencian Country