8. Proposed stages in the process of
In view of the
results, it would seem that the initial hypothesis on the stages in the process of
learning Catalan needs reformulating. Following is one possible outline of the most
characteristic stages as far as Moroccan students are concerned:
year of residence: acquiring a basic understanding of the most common Catalan
phrases used in everyday life and in a school context. The progressive acquisition of
ability to communicate in Catalan, even if not particularly grammatically correct, in
strongly contextualized everyday situations.
third year of residence: progressively acquiring oral proficiency in conversational
situations and narration of experiences. Maintenance of Spanish as an intermediary
language which facilitates communication in Catalan, for its presence in situations
unrelated to school: out in public, the media, etc. Restrictions still in place on other
types of speech the more formal and academic which need more lexical
variety, more specific terminology, etc.
three to five years of residence: consolidation of oral communication in subjects
progressively more diverse and complex. Acquisition of proficiency in reading and writing
of simple narrative and informative texts, at a functional literacy level.
five years onwards: acquisition of oral and written proficiency in a wide variety
of types of speech and expository texts, which opens up opportunities for access to a
formal educational environment in terms of relative equality with native students.
Lluís Maruny Curto.
EAP del Baix Empordà. firstname.lastname@example.org
Mònica Molina Domínguez. École Normale Supérieure, Université de