Health Organization Collaborative Project on Identification and Management
of Alcohol-related Problems
Primary Health Care
of Country-wide Strategies for Implementing Early Identification and Brief Alcohol Intervention in
Primary Health Care.
The WHO Collaborative Project on Identification
and Management of Alcohol-related Problems in Primary Health Care began in 1982.
Phase I of the project was the development of a
valid and reliable screening tool to detect people at risk from drinking at
hazardous and harmful levels. The AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders
Identification Test) was developed and tested in six centres
across the world (Australia, Bulgaria, Kenya, Mexico, Norway and the USA) for
use by health workers in both developed and developing countries.
The AUDIT is a 10 item self-report instrument
which includes 3 questions on the amount and frequency of drinking, 3 questions
on symptoms of alcohol dependence and 4 questions on personal and social
problems associated with alcohol misuse.
The questionnaire takes around 2 minutes
to complete. A score of 8-14 for men and 7-12 for women indicates
a strong likelihood of hazardous or harmful consumption. A score
of 15 or more for men and 13 or more for women indicates evidence of significant
alcohol dependence and further assessment is advised.
The ability of the AUDIT to accurately detect
excessive drinkers (i.e. its sensitivity) is 92%, and to exclude false cases
(its specificity) is 93%.
For more information on Phase I of the project
and the AUDIT questionnaire, please see the references below:
Saunders JB, Aasland OG, Amundsen A, Grant M.
Alcohol consumption and related problems among primary health care patients: WHO
collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol
consumption - I. Addiction. 1993; 88:349-362.
Saunders JB, Aasland OG, Babor TF, de la
Fuente JR. Grant M. Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification
Test (AUDIT): WHO Collaborative Project on early detection of persons with
harmful alcohol consumption - II. Addiction. 1993; 88:791-804.
World Health Organization. AUDIT - the
alcohol use disorders identification test: guidelines for use in primary health
care. 1992 WHO/PSA/92.4. WHO, Geneva.
To find out more about the other phases of the
project, please follow the links below:
[ Phase I ] [ Phase II ] [ Phase III ] [ Current research ]
[Current Research] [Country Projects]
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