Before entering the water you should check the flag displayed by lifeguards and local authorities to see whether bathing is advisable:
The green flag indicates that bathing is allowed , and that conditions for swimming and diving are good.
It means that the state of the sea is suitable for swimming, there is no waste or pollution that might be harmful to human health and that there is no danger to swimmers from jellyfish or small sharks.
In Italy the equivalent flag is white.
However, the sea is often unpredictable and bathers should always take precautions, pay attention to any warnings from lifeguards and supervise children carefully.
A yellow flag means that caution must be exercised , when swimming or diving.
It shows that conditions are rougher but they do not constitute a threat to the safety of swimmers. It may indicate large waves or rip currents, so swimmers need to be especially careful.
The purple flag indicating marine pests such as jellyfish and sea snakes is not used in Catalonia.
A red flag indicates that no swimming or diving is allowed.
This flag is the most serious warning as it indicates risks for the health of bathers from dangerous currents, heavy waves, weather conditions, pollution or dangerous animals.
In some other countries there is also a double red flag, which indicates that the beach is closed to the public.